Hypertension, Microvascular Pathology, and Prognosis After an Acute Myocardial Infarction
The rationale for our study was to investigate the pathophysiology of microvascular injury in patients with acute ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction in relation to a history of hypertension. We undertook a cohort study using invasive and noninvasive measures of microvascular injury, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging at 2 days and 6 months, and assessed health outcomes in the longer term (URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02072850). Three hundred twenty-four patients with acute myocardial infarction (mean age, 59  years; blood pressure, 135  / 79  mm Hg; 237 [73%] male, 105 [32%] with antecedent hypertension) were prospectively enrolled during emergency percutaneous coronary intervention. Compared with patients without antecedent hypertension, patients with hypertension were older (63  years versus 57  years; P<0.001) and a lower proportion were cigarette smokers (52 [50%] versus 144 [66%]; P=0.007). Coronary blood flow, microvascular resistance within the culprit artery, infarct pathologies, inflammation (C-reactive protein and interleukin-6) were not associated with hypertension. Compared with patients without antecedent hypertension, patients with hypertension had less improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction at 6 months from baseline (5.3 [8.2]% versus 7.4 [7.6]%; P=0.040). Antecedent hypertension was a multivariable associate of incident myocardial hemorrhage 2-day post-MI (1.81 [0.98–3.34]; P=0.059) and all-cause death or heart failure (n=47 events, n=24 with hypertension; 2.53 [1.28–4.98]; P=0.007) postdischarge (median follow-up 4 years). Severe progressive microvascular injury is implicated in the pathophysiology and prognosis of patients with a history of hypertension and acute myocardial infarction.
- Received December 24, 2017.
- Revision received January 16, 2018.
- Accepted June 12, 2018.
- © 2018 The Authors.
Hypertension is published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.