Atrial Fibrillation Detection During 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
Comparison With 24-Hour Electrocardiography
This study assessed the diagnostic accuracy of a novel 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitor (Microlife WatchBP O3 Afib) with implemented algorithm for automated atrial fibrillation (AF) detection during each ABP measurement. One hundred subjects (mean age 70.6±8.2 [SD] years; men 53%; hypertensives 85%; 17 with permanent AF; 4 paroxysmal AF; and 79 non-AF) had simultaneous 24-hour ABP monitoring and 24-hour Holter monitoring. Among a total of 6410 valid ABP readings, 1091 (17%) were taken in ECG AF rhythm. In reading-to-reading ABP analysis, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of ABP monitoring in detecting AF were 93%, 87%, and 88%, respectively. In non-AF subjects, 12.8% of the 24-hour ABP readings indicated false-positive AF, of whom 27% were taken during supraventricular premature beats. There was a strong association between the proportion of false-positive AF readings and that of supraventricular premature beats (r=0.67; P<0.001). Receiver operating characteristic curve revealed that in paroxysmal AF and non-AF subjects, AF-positive readings at 26% during 24-hour ABP monitoring had 100%/85% sensitivity/specificity (area under the curve 0.91; P<0.01) for detecting paroxysmal AF. These findings suggest that in elderly hypertensives, a novel 24-hour ABP monitor with AF detector has high sensitivity and moderate specificity for AF screening during routine ABP monitoring. Thus, in elderly hypertensives, a 24-hour ABP recording with at least 26% of the readings suggesting AF indicates a high probability for AF diagnosis and should be regarded as an indication for performing 24-hour Holter monitoring.
- Received December 29, 2017.
- Revision received January 12, 2018.
- Accepted April 7, 2018.
- © 2018 American Heart Association, Inc.